Machine to Machine(M2M)
The machine-to-machine concept, abbreviated by the M2M sign, uses telecommunications and computing to enable communication between machines, without human intervention. A more general definition of “machine-to-machine communication” is the association of information and communication technologies (abbreviation ICT), with so-called intelligent and communicative objects, with the aim of providing them with the to interact without human intervention with the information system.
Like all emerging technologies, its definition continues to evolve but it generally refers to telemetry or telematics. This technology works using networks, particularly public wireless networks (such as GPRS), or short-haul links, such as Bluetooth or RFID.
Communication between machines tends to become a communication from a machine or a network of machines to a server centralizing the data reassembled by these machines and also ensuring the remote control of these machines. This is referred to as remote management of a fleet of machines( remote management). The deployment, operation and maintenance of large machine networks is a new activity of telecom operators specialized in machines, M2M operators.
Key elements of an M2M system include:
- A device or group of devices capable of responding to data requests contained in these devices or capable of transmitting data contained in these autonomous devices.
- A communication link to connect the device, see a group of devices to a server computer or another device.
- Un logiciel, processus, ou interface par laquelle les données peuvent être analysées, a déclaré, et / ou mises en œuvre.
The M2M meets the very concrete needs of companies. This technology is gradually inserted into (or on) machines, appliances, vehicles, packaging, everyday objects, equipment, public spaces… but also trees, flood zones, forests at high risk of fire, domestic or wild animals and finally, our own bodies.
Some examples of use:
- For oil and gas production, the M2M allows customers to remotely collect data on flows, pressures, empatures, tank levels and equipment.
- A generator manufacturer uses the M2M to remotely adjust settings, detect failures and prevent incidents.
- In the city, which is already populated with sensors of all kinds, the M2M is used to manage large urban infrastructure, public transport, urban tolls (e.g. London)…
- In monetics, the M2M is used to pay remotely. A credit card terminal is a device using the M2M.
These are just a few examples. Globo Africa offers a full range of products for users of M2M systems and carries out associated applications for needs ranging from simple transmission of information to a server to more telemetric surveys backed by decision-making tools.